RELST 113: Useful Terms

Useful Terms

The following are terms (found in the readings) for which you will be held responsible in class discussions, assignments, and exams, and which are just good to know.

Approaches:

apologetics
“first order” vs. “second order”
“insider” perspective vs. “outsider” perspective
“teaching” religion vs. “teaching about” religion
“inner logic”

Definitions:

“cluster” definition
hermeneutics
“history of religions”
phenomenology
reductionism
semiotics
“substantive” definition vs. “functional” definition
typologies

Sacred Powers:

agnosticism
animism
anthropomorphic
atheism
deism
dualism
henotheism
monism
pantheism
pantheon
polytheism
trinitarianism
totem
unitarianism

Myth:

cosmogonic myth
cosmological myth
eschatological myth
etiological myth
hierophanic myth
numinous

Epic of Gilgamesh:

Enkidu
Gilgamesh
Ishtar
Utnapishtim

Ritual:

“betwixt and between”
communitas
“ideological” rituals
jubilation
liminal
mortification
purgation
“revitalization” rituals
sacrifice
scapegoat
“salvation” rituals
“technological” rituals
“therapeutic / antitherapeutic” rituals

Experiencing the Sacred:

archetype
numinous
“religious” experience

Eliade, The Sacred and the Profane:

ab origine
axis mundi
boundaries / thresholds
hierophany
homo religiosus
“in illo tempore”
mysterium fascinans & mysterium tremendum
“sacred” vs. “profane”
sacred space vs. sacred time

Good & Bad; Good & Evil:

anomic
apocalypse/apocalypticism
“cargo cults”
ethics / morality
eschatology
jihad
millenarianism
nomos
syncretism
theodicy

Religion, Law, & Politics:

civil religion
lex talionis
theocracy

Organization:

charisma
“church”
cult
institutionalization
routinization
sect
text

In the World / Beyond the World:

annihilation
apocalypticsm
completion
diversity
eshcatology
exclusivism
inclusivism
pluralism
salvation
secularization